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Eating bitter Gourd in pregnancy: Is it Safe?

is it safe to eat peach during pregnancy

Is it safe to eat bitter gourd in pregnancy? Is a question of concern for every new mom to be. Pregnancy is a time of joy and anticipation, but it’s also a period marked by dietary considerations and concerns. When you’re expecting, what you consume matters not only to you but also to the developing life within you. Bitter gourd, often praised for its various health benefits, is a vegetable that many people are curious about during pregnancy. It has several types but the most famous are Indian bitter gourd and Chinese bitter gourd. As a healthcare provider with a wealth of experience, I’m here to share insights and answer the important question: Is it safe to eat bitter gourd in pregnancy?

Is it Safe to Eat bitter Gourd in pregnancy

Bitter Gourd: An Overview

Bitter gourd is a unique and distinctive vegetable also known as the bitter melon  or the Momordica charantia. Its name itself  describes its bitter taste and it is celebrated for its potential health advantages. This green, elongated vegetable is a common ingredient in various cuisines, particularly in Asian and Indian dishes. It’s known for its potential to help regulate blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol, and promote overall health.

Is it Safe to Eat bitter Gourd in pregnancy

Read Also: Is it Safe To Eat Peaches During Pregnancy? 

What are the benefits of eating bitter Gourd in pregnancy

Pregnant women should be particularly concerned about their food, as it can have an immediate effect on the fetus’s health and growth. Bitter gourd has various possible health benefits, like being rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, but it’s also famous for its distinct and, well, bitter flavor. As an expert Nutritionist, I have discussed the advantages of consuming bitter gourd during pregnancy.

1. High Folate content

Bitter gourd is a key source of folate. Folate is a B-vitamin that plays an important role in pregnancy such as:

  • Neural Tube Development: Folate plays a pivotal role in the early stages of fetal development, particularly in the formation of the neural tube. This structure eventually develops into the baby’s brain and spinal cord. Adequate folate ensures that this process proceeds normally, reducing the risk of neural tube defects.
  • Preventing Birth Defects: One of the most crucial advantages of folate during pregnancy is its ability to prevent birth defects in the baby’s neural tube. Neural tube defects can lead to serious health issues, including brain and spinal cord malformations, and lifelong disabilities. Proper folate intake is a proactive measure to mitigate these risks.
  • Reducing the Risk: Research has consistently shown that expectant mothers who maintain an adequate folate intake significantly decrease the likelihood of neural tube defects in their babies. This is a compelling reason for pregnant women to ensure they get enough folate, and bitter gourd can contribute to meeting their folate needs.

2. High Fiber Content

Bitter gourd is indeed a good source of dietary fiber. Dietary fiber offers several benefits during pregnancy.

  • High-fiber foods tend to be filling, which can help prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and overeating.
  • Fiber can help lower cholesterol levels, promoting overall heart health.

3. Curbs Digestive Tract Disorders 

Another notable benefit of bitter gourd is its speciality to reduce gastrointestinal disorders, particularly during pregnancy.

  • Preventing Constipation: Bitter gourd is rich in dietary fiber, which promotes regular bowel movements and prevents constipation, a common issue for pregnant women due to hormonal changes.
  • Preventing Hemorrhoids: By preventing constipation, bitter gourd indirectly reduces the risk of developing hemorrhoids, a common concern for pregnant women.
  • Relief from Heartburn: Some expectant mothers experience heartburn during pregnancy. Bitter gourd can offer relief as it acts as a natural antacid, helping to alleviate the burning sensation in the chest.
  • Reducing Gas and Bloating: Bitter gourd may help reduce excess gas and bloating, common symptoms in pregnancy. It promotes the smooth movement of food through the digestive tract.
Is it Safe to Eat bitter Gourd in pregnancy

4. Anti-Diabetic

Bitter gourd is well-known for its potential anti-diabetic properties due to its ability to help regulate blood sugar levels. However, its use during pregnancy in managing gestational diabetes or diabetes should be approached with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare provider.

While it may help regulate blood sugar levels, its significant blood sugar-lowering measures can lead to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, in some people.

5. Antioxidant And Antibacterial

The bitter gourds are known for their high content of antioxidative compounds such as flavonoids, polyphenols and other bioactive substances. Antioxidants help the body to eliminate harmful radicals, which may be reduced by oxidative stress or inflammation and are protective of cells and tissues. In the case of bitter gourd, it is thought to be antimicrobial and may help fight bacterial infections.

6. Source Of Nutrients Needed By The Fetus

Gourd is a nutrient rich vegetable which is not only beneficial to only the mother but the fetus too. As an nutritionist i am mentioning some vitamins and minerals found in gourd below:

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin K 
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

What are the key nutrients in Gourd 

Vitamins: Bitter gourd is a good source of vitamins, particularly vitamin C and vitamin A. These vitamins play a vital role in supporting the immune system and promoting healthy skin and vision.

Minerals: It contains minerals that include magnesium, potassium, and zinc, which are vital for maintaining physiological fluid equilibrium, functioning of muscles, and red blood cell synthesis.

Anti-oxidant: Bitter gourd is high in antioxidants such as flavonoids and polyphenols. These chemicals help prevent cells from free radical damage and may have health advantages.

Fiber: Fiber is necessary for the health of the gut, and a bitter gourd possesses plenty of it.

Low in Calories: Bitter gourd is a vegetable with few calories that can help pregnant women retain their weight.

Why pregnant women should avoid eating Gourd or Karela in pregnancy 

No doubt! Gourd or karela does offer potential health benefits during pregnancy.

As a Nutritionist, I’m telling you the reasons why pregnant women should be careful and not eat it:

1. Risk of Uterine Contractions: 

Some studies suggest that bitter gourd might have uterine-stimulating properties. While these findings are not conclusive, pregnant women are often advised to avoid foods or herbs that could potentially stimulate uterine contractions, as this might increase the risk of preterm labor.

2. Individual Sensitivities: 

The bitter gourd has a strong flavor that not everyone enjoys. Some expectant mothers can find the bitterness repulsive and overwhelming, which could result in dietary aversions or digestive difficulties.

3. Blood Sugar Regulation:

Bitter gourd is well known for decreasing blood sugar, which is advantageous for those who have diabetes. However, reducing blood sugar levels too much during pregnancy could be dangerous for those who do not have diabetes. It’s critical to keep an eye on blood sugar levels and prevent hypoglycemia, which can harm both the mother and the fetus.

4. Toxicity:

You are indeed accurate. The chemicals found in bitter gourds (bitter melons) can be harmful if taken in large quantities. These substances, including quinine, momordica, and particular glycosides, can have a number of negative effects, such as digestive problems, visual issues, and the other symptoms you listed. Bitter gourd should be used during pregnancy in moderation as part of a healthy diet. To make sure they are consuming foods safely and reaching their nutritional needs without experiencing any negative effects, pregnant women should speak with their healthcare professionals or nutritionists.

What are associated risks of eating gourd in pregnancy?

Eating gourd (bitter gourd or bitter melon) during pregnancy can have associated risks, including:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Some individuals may experience aggravated symptoms of acid reflux or heartburn when consuming bitter gourd
  • G6PD Deficiency: Pregnant women or their fetuses with Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency should avoid bitter gourd, as it can trigger a hemolytic reaction in these individuals.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to gourd are rare but possible. Symptoms may include itching, rash, or swelling.

Pregnant women should consult with their healthcare providers and consider their individual health conditions before incorporating bitter gourd into their diet.

Can pregnant women eat bitter melon

Pregnant women can eat bitter melon (bitter gourd) in moderation. Bitter melon can cause some health hazards in pregnancy too which includes diarrhea,  stomach pain, and sometimes headache.

Can Bitter Gourd cause miscarriage

Bitter Gourd does not directly cause misscarriage but its excessive use lead to many health hazards. Although gourd causes uterine contractions  which may lead to misscarriage and preterm birth also.

  • Lack of Scientific Evidence: Research studies conducted on bitter gourd and its potential impact on pregnancy are limited. Most of the available studies focus on its nutritional benefits rather than its potential harm during pregnancy. This gap in research indicates that the scientific community has not found any strong evidence linking bitter gourd to miscarriages.
  • Traditional Beliefs: The misconception that bitter gourd may lead to miscarriage likely stems from traditional beliefs and cultural practices. In some societies, pregnant women are advised to avoid certain foods, including bitter gourd, due to concerns about its strong taste or potential effects. However, these beliefs are often based on folklore rather than scientific findings.


In conclusion, while bitter gourd offers important nutrients and health benefits, it must be consumed with caution during pregnancy. Potential risks include digestive discomfort, uterine contractions, and concerns about blood sugar regulation. Its bitter taste and the presence of naturally occurring toxins further emphasize the need for moderation.

Consult your doctor to make sure bitter gourd matches your individual health needs if you are considering taking it in the diet during pregnancy. For the health of mothers and children, it is crucial to achieve a balanced and varied diet.


1. Is it safe to eat bitter gourd during the first trimester of pregnancy?

Eating bitter gourd during the first trimester is generally safe in moderation. However, its intense taste may not be well-tolerated by some pregnant women.

2. Can bitter gourd help with gestational diabetes?

Bitter gourd is known for its potential to regulate blood sugar levels. While it may be beneficial for some with gestational diabetes, its use should be monitored and discussed with a healthcare provider.

3. How can bitter gourd be prepared to reduce its bitterness?

To reduce the bitterness, bitter gourd can be soaked in saltwater, blanched, or fried with other flavorful ingredients. Cooking methods can make it more palatable.

4. Are there any other foods that should be avoided when consuming bitter gourd during pregnancy?

Pregnant women consuming bitter gourd should avoid excessive intake of other foods known to induce uterine contractions, such as pineapple, parsley, and papaya.

5. Can bitter gourd supplements or extracts be used during pregnancy?

It’s advisable to avoid bitter gourd supplements or extracts during pregnancy, as they can be concentrated and may pose potential risks. It’s best to get nutrients from whole foods.

6. How much bitter gourd is considered safe during pregnancy?

There is no specific recommended amount, but moderation is key. Excessive consumption should be avoided, and individual tolerance may vary.

Remember that individual health conditions and sensitivities should be considered, and it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider or nutritionist for personalized guidance on including bitter gourd in your pregnancy diet.

Read also: Can I Eat Mushrooms while Pregnant?

Rose Smith
Rose Smith Writer, Pregnancy guide specialist Expertise Rose Smith is a dedicated and experienced writer, specializing in the field of Nursing and pregnancy guidelines. With a strong educational foundation, extensive experience, and a passion for supporting expectant parents, Rose has become a go-to source for reliable pregnancy advice and information. Experience Rose Smith's professional journey is marked by a wealth of experience: Authorship: Rose has authored numerous articles, essays, and books on pregnancy guidelines, all backed by her academic knowledge and practical insights. Pregnancy Workshops: She has conducted workshops and seminars, both online and in-person, providing expectant parents with practical tools and advice. Consulting: Rose has worked as a pregnancy consultant, offering personalized guidance to expectant mothers and couples. Media Contributions: Her expertise has been featured in various publications, including parenting magazines and health websites. Education Rose Smith holds a Master's degree in Nursing from Oxford University, where she laid the foundation for her expertise in maternal health, prenatal care, and pregnancy-related topics. Additional Certifications Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM) Doula Certification: Doulas, who provide emotional and physical support during pregnancy and childbirth, often seek certification through organizations like DONA International. Childbirth Educator Certification. University Specialties As a proud alumna of Oxford University, Rose's areas of specialization include: Maternal Health: Her academic background has equipped her with a deep understanding of the physical and emotional aspects of pregnancy and maternal well-being. Prenatal Care: Rose's education focused on the importance of proper prenatal care and its impact on a healthy pregnancy. Nutrition and Pregnancy: She has in-depth knowledge of nutrition during pregnancy and its role in fetal development.

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