Mama Adoptation


Mood swings in teens

Mood swings in teens are a normal part of growing up, but they can leave teens and their families feeling confused and overwhelmed. Understanding the complexities of mood changes in teens is important for parents, caretakers, educators and, of course, teens themselves. In this guide, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms and best practices for managing mood changes in teens. 

By understanding the root causes and providing helpful tips, As a mother I have experienced these mood swings of my teenagers. I hope to help individuals and their loved ones navigate the roller-coaster emotions of adolescence with understanding and compassion.


 1. The Teenage Rollercoaster: Understanding Mood Swings

  • Hormonal Changes: Hormones, especially estrogen and testosterone  known as sex hormones, are released during puberty and play a major role in mood regulation. These hormones fluctuate and cause mood swings.
  • Brain Development: During adolescence, the brain undergoes major changes, especially in the area of the brain responsible for making decisions and controlling emotions. These alterations can make teens more emotionally reactive.
  • Peer and Social Pressure: Adolescents are more concerned with relationships and fitting in. Mood swings can be caused by peer pressure, conflict, and the need to fit in.
  • Academic Stress:Academic stress can cause mood swings in teenagers due to test anxiety, peer pressure, and fear of failure due to the high academic expectations and pressure to do well in school.
  •  Family Dynamics: Mood swings can also be caused by changes in family relationships, such as disagreements with family members, separation, or moving.
  • Lack of Sleep: Inadequate sleep is common among teenagers due to changes in their circadian rhythms and increased academic and social demands. Sleep deprivation can exacerbate mood swings.
  • Substance Use: Experimentation with drugs or alcohol can alter mood and exacerbate emotional instability.
  • Mental Health Issues: Mood swings can be a symptom of underlying mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or borderline personality disorder. It’s essential to consider the possibility of an underlying condition if mood swings are severe or persistent.

2. Recognizing the Signs of Mood Swings

Mood swings are a common part of adolescence, but recognizing the signs is essential for parents, caregivers, and educators to provide support and understanding to teenagers during this challenging phase. Here are some key signs to help you identify mood swings in teenagers:

  • Irritability: Teens may become irritable while facing depression.
  • Sadness: Periods of sadness or even depression-like symptoms can occur during mood swings.
  • Anger: Outbursts of anger and defiance may be common as teenagers grapple with their independence and boundaries.
  • Withdrawal: Some teens may withdraw from social activities or isolate themselves when experiencing mood swings.
  • Impulsivity: Mood swings can lead to impulsive behaviors, such as risk-taking or substance experimentation.

Tips for Managing Teenage Mood Swings:

Teenage mood swings can be challenging for both teenagers and their parents or caregivers. However, with understanding and effective strategies, these mood fluctuations can be managed constructively. As a  mother of 3 kids i am sharing some tips to help manage teenage mood swings:

1. Open Communication:

Encourage open and non-judgmental communication with your teenager. Let them know they can talk to you about their feelings, concerns, and what may be triggering their mood swings.

2. Maintain a Routine:

Maintaining a routine when a teenager is experiencing mood swings can provide stability and predictability, which can be particularly helpful during this challenging phase. You can follow these tips to establish a routine.

  • Setup consistent wake-up and bedtime
  • Plan meal together 
  • Create a Homework schedule 
  • Limit screen time 

3. Encourage Healthy Habits:

Promote regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate sleep. Encourage physical activity as a natural mood booster . These factors play a significant role in mood regulation and overall well-being. You can suggest activities like dancing, yoga, or just a walk .

4. Teach Stress-Reduction Techniques:

Introduce stress-reduction techniques such as mindfulness, deep breathing exercises, or yoga. These practices can help teenagers cope with emotional heaviness.

5. Set Realistic Expectations:

Recognize that teenagers are undergoing significant changes and challenges. Set realistic expectations for their behavior and accomplishments.

6. Respect Privacy:

Make sure you respect your teenager’s need for privacy and personal space. In this way, trust and independence can be fostered.

7. Encourage Hobbies and Interests:

Encourage your teenager to engage in hobbies and activities they enjoy. Pursuing interests can provide a positive outlet for emotions.

8. Offer Support:

Be supportive and empathetic. Let your teenager know you are there for them and that you understand that mood swings are a normal part of adolescence.

9. Set Clear Boundaries:

Establish clear boundaries and rules for behavior. Consistently enforce these boundaries while remaining compassionate.

10. Positive Reinforcement:

Offer praise and positive reinforcement when your teenager exhibits healthy emotional regulation or makes positive choices.

11. Educate Yourself:

Educate yourself about teenage development, including the physical, emotional, and psychological changes that occur during adolescence. Understanding their experiences can help you relate better.

12. Stay Calm:

When you sense that your teenager’s mood is escalating, take a moment to take deep breaths.

It will help to calm your own emotions and prevent you from reacting impulsively. Give space to your kid and respect their request. Avoid blaming your kid for their mistakes and try to listen to them carefully when they are ready to talk.

If you want to manage your teen’s mood swings, you need to be patient, understanding and flexible. Here are some tips to help you create a positive and caring atmosphere that will help your teen manage their mood swings better. Don’t forget that getting help when you need it is a great way to help your teen feel better

Is It Normal For a 17-Year-Old to Have Mood Swings?

Yes, it is entirely normal for a 17-year-old to experience mood swings. Adolescence is a period of significant emotional and psychological development, and mood swings are a common part of this process. Hormonal changes, brain development, peer relationships, academic stress, and identity formation can all contribute to mood swings during the teenage years.

It’s important for parents, caregivers, and teenagers themselves to understand that occasional mood swings are a natural part of this phase. However, if mood swings are severe, persistent, or accompanied by concerning behaviors such as self-harm or substance abuse, it may be advisable to seek professional guidance from a mental health provider to ensure the teenager’s emotional well-being.

What Age Does Mood Swings Stop?

Mood swings can happen at any age, and there’s no set age when they’ll stop. They can fluctuate in intensity and frequency over the course of your life. As you grow up, hormones can cause more intense mood swings, but as you learn how to manage your emotions, your mood swings will become less intense. Depression and bipolar disorder can also cause mood swings that require specialized treatment. No matter what your age is, you should seek help if your mood swings severely impact your mental health or day-to-day life.A study states that teen emotions begin to stabilize by the  age of 18.

At What Age Are Mood Swings Most Common?

Mood swings are most commonly associated with early adolescence. It’s important to note that they can occur at any age due to various factors such as stress, life events, health conditions, or hormonal changes. Additionally, some individuals may be more prone to mood swings than others, regardless of their age.

When to Seek Professional Help

Seeking professional help for a teenager experiencing mood swings is advisable in the following situations:

1. Severe or Prolonged Mood Swings:

If the mood swings are exceptionally severe, lasting for an extended period, or disrupting the teenager’s daily life and functioning, it’s crucial to seek professional assistance.

2. Concerning Behaviors:

If the mood swings are accompanied by concerning behaviors such as self-harm, substance abuse, reckless actions, social withdrawal, or expressions of suicidal thoughts, immediate professional help is necessary.

3. Significant Impairment:

If the mood swings significantly impair the teenager’s ability to maintain relationships, perform well academically, or engage in daily activities, professional guidance is essential.

4. Family or Relationship Issues:

When mood swings lead to conflicts within the family or strained relationships with peers, a mental health professional can provide strategies for communication and conflict resolution.

5. Chronic or Recurring Mood Disorders:

 If mood swings appear to be indicative of an underlying mood disorder such as depression or bipolar disorder, professional assessment and treatment are essential for accurate diagnosis and management.

6. Safety Concerns:

If there are concerns about the teenager’s safety or the safety of others due to their mood swings, immediate professional intervention is crucial.

7. Lack of Improvement:

 If efforts to address the mood swings through supportive family measures, lifestyle changes, and healthy habits do not lead to improvement, professional evaluation and treatment may be needed.

If you’re not sure how severe your teen’s mood swings are or what’s causing them, it’s a good idea to talk to a mental health specialist or a healthcare provider. They can help you figure out what’s going on and make sure you’re doing everything you can to help. Early intervention is key to helping teens manage their moods and dealing with any underlying issues that could be causing them.

Pay Attention To Signs Of Depression Or Drug Abuse 

Indeed, paying attention to signs of depression or drug abuse when your teenager is experiencing mood swings is crucial. Mood swings can sometimes be indicative of underlying issues, and recognizing these signs early can lead to timely intervention and support. Here are some signs to watch for:

1. Signs of Depression:

  • Persistent Sadness: If your teenager exhibits prolonged mood swings, sadness, hopelessness, or a lack of interest in activities they once enjoyed, it could be a sign of depression.
  • Changes in Sleep Patterns: Both excessive sleeping and insomnia can be symptoms of depression.
  • Changes in Appetite or Weight: Significant changes in eating habits or noticeable weight loss or gain may be related to depression.
  • Fatigue: Constant fatigue or low energy levels, even after adequate rest, can be a sign of depression.
  • Withdrawal: Social withdrawal, isolation from friends and family, or a decline in school or extracurricular activities may indicate depression.
  • Irritability: While mood swings are common in teenagers, persistent irritability, anger, or outbursts can be a sign of an underlying issue.

2. Signs Of Drug Abuse 

  • Sudden Changes in Behavior: If your teenager undergoes abrupt and unexplained changes in behavior, it could be linked to drug use.
  • Physical Symptoms: Look for physical signs such as bloodshot eyes, dilated or constricted pupils, changes in appetite, or unusual odors on their clothing or breath.
  • Secretive Behavior: If your teenager becomes excessively secretive, avoids conversations about their activities, or withdraws from family and friends, it may raise concerns.
  • Loss of Interest: A sudden loss of interest in hobbies, sports, or activities they previously enjoyed could indicate substance abuse.
  • Decline in Academic Performance: A significant drop in school performance or attendance issues can be a red flag.
  • Changes in Social Circle: If your teenager starts associating with a new peer group, especially if they exhibit risky behaviors, it’s important to investigate.
  • Financial Issues: Missing money or valuables, or frequent requests for money without a clear reason, can suggest drug-related expenses.


In conclusion, it is important for parents, caregivers and teens themselves to recognize the signs and symptoms of mood swings in adolescence. While mood changes are a natural part of adolescence, it is important to distinguish between typical mood changes and indicators of underlying issues such as depression or substance use. Early detection and open and supportive communication are key to providing guidance and intervention to teenagers as they navigate the complexities of adolescence. 

By being mindful of their emotional health and seeking professional assistance when necessary, teens can receive the support they need to develop into emotionally healthy, resilient individuals. It is our shared responsibility to create a supportive and safe environment for teens as the transformative period of their lives begins.


1. Are mood swings in teenagers normal?

Yes, mood swings are a common and normal part of adolescence due to hormonal changes, brain development, and emotional growth.

2. How can I differentiate between typical mood swings and signs of depression in my teenager?

Signs of depression may include persistent sadness, changes in sleep and appetite, withdrawal from activities, and loss of interest in things they once enjoyed. Seek professional help if you’re concerned.

3. What should I do if my teenager’s mood swings are severe or persistent?

If mood swings significantly impact their daily life or are accompanied by concerning behaviors, it’s important to seek professional guidance from a mental health provider.

4. How can I approach my teenager if I suspect they are using drugs during mood swings?

Approach your teenager with care and express your concerns. Maintain open and non-judgmental communication. Seek professional help if you suspect substance abuse.

Read also: Understanding and Dealing with Teenage Rebellion

Emiley Walker Author & Writer | Parenting and BabyCare at Mamaadoptation About I'm a passionate writer committed to using storytelling to support and uplift families on their fostering and kinship care journeys. At Mama Adoption, I create engaging content that empowers parents and caregivers navigating the joys and challenges of raising amazing children. Expertise Childcare Parent coaching Parenting Attachment parenting Parent-child Relationships Baby Products Newborn Baby Knowledge of different parenting approaches (e.g., authoritative, permissive, authoritarian) Strategies for managing and modifying children's behavior communication techniques Understanding child psychology Specialized knowledge in supporting children with disabilities Highlights Certified in Family dynamics, Parenting guide, Effective communication skills. Education Emily Walker holds a Master's degree in parenting guidelines from Air university where she cultivated her expertise in understanding child development, effective communication, and family dynamics. Her academic journey ignited a lifelong passion for unraveling the complexities of parenting and helping others on their parenting journeys. Experience Emily Walker's professional journey is marked by a wealth of experience: Nurse (RN) - Pediatrics or Mother-Baby Unit Babysitter Authorship: Emily has authored numerous articles, essays, and books on parenting guidelines, all crafted with a blend of academic knowledge and practical wisdom. Parenting Workshops: She has conducted workshops and seminars, both online and in-person, providing parents with actionable tools and strategies. Consulting: Emily has worked as a parenting consultant, offering personalized guidance to families facing unique challenges. Media Contributions: Her insights have been featured in various publications, including parenting magazines and television programs. Emily's Approach to Parenting: Emily advocates for: Positive Discipline: Promoting non-punitive methods for teaching and guiding children. Open Communication: Fostering open and respectful communication within families. Child-Centered Parenting: Prioritizing the well-being and development of the child while supporting parents in their roles. Thank you for visiting Emily Walker's author page. Join her on a journey of discovery and empowerment as she guides you through the fascinating world of parenting guidelines. Together, let's nurture the next generation with love, knowledge, and understanding.

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